החוג ללימודי מזרח אסיה
תולדות קוריאה המסורתית והמודרנית – ד" ר אלון לבקוביץ'
three or more. Since the start of the 20th 100 years, Korea had been a part of japan empire. Nevertheless , following Japan's crushing WORLD WAR II defeat and subsequent give up in September 1945, the balance of electricity quickly altered and the Ally forces had been left making decisions about postwar Asia. Within a series of conferences, it was chose to divide up the Korean peninsula along the 38th parallel, with U. T. military causes occupying the southern fifty percent and Soviet military pushes occupying the northern 50 percent. By the end in the decade, two new states with different ideologies had created on the previously unified peninsula. In the southern, the anti-communist dictator Syngman Rhee was backed by the support in the American authorities and the United Nations, while in the north, the communism dictator Kim Il Being sung enjoyed the support with the Soviets plus the new Householder's Republic of China. The 38th seite an seite was faraway from peaceful, since neither Korean dictator was content to stick to his individual side, resulting in common edge conflicts. The war was officially brought on in 1950 when North Korea occupied the Southern region. It was a pre-planned move initiated by Kim 2 Sung, whom convinced the USSR's Stalin and China's Mao it turned out the right time for any forceful Korean language reunification under communism. However , while on the area the Korean War seemed to be a warfare for charge of the peninsula between the North and South, it essentially served more as the first informed confrontation with the Cold Conflict between the UNITED STATES and the USSR. The two recently allied superpowers recognized one another as competition for community domination1. The usa was concerned about the speedy spread of Communism as its growth threatened capitalism as well as the American life style. Truman presumed that if perhaps one region fell to Communism, in that case others would likely follow, like a line of pelerines. Furthermore, Truman feared that if Korea fell towards the influence of communism, another " domino” would be Japan, which was extremely important for American trade and military cooperation2. The USSR, on the other hand, planned to see communism continue to grow but had been wary of getting involved in a full-scale battle with the usa. Direct confrontation was prevented as both powers acquired nuclear weaponry, and lessons from Asia led to superb cautiousness and trepidation to this technology3. By using the newly divided Korean peninsula being a proxy, both powers were able to combat each other without basically having to starting another " hot” war. Three weakling years afterwards, an armistice was consented to, bringing the Korean language War for an end. The ceasefire essentially preserved the 38th seite an seite boundary, adding only another 1, five-hundred square a long way of place to Southern Korea, and creating a 2-mile-wide " demilitarized zone” that still exists today4. The Korean Conflict led Southern Korea to achieve new unlikely allies in wake from the North Korean threat5. Among them was Asia, who likewise felt threatened by their fresh unstable North Korean neighbors. Japan, becoming increasingly pacifist subsequent many armed forces battles in the 20th hundred years, sought approaches to protect themselves and joined up with the currently established US-South Korean alliance6. Following the war, South Korea and the Us maintained overall strong jewelry, while the North and To the south became progressively dissimilated in ideology and culture. The Korean Conflict consolidated the United States as an ally to Southern region Korea and throughout the rehabilitation method South Korea was typically dependent on and influenced by superpower, taking on capitalism as the country's main ideology. Following the arret, South Korea and the U. S. opted for a " Mutual Security Treaty, " under which an harm on both party inside the Pacific place would invite a response coming from both. In 1967, Southern region Korea appreciated to the armed service alliance. In the request with the...